Monday, 21 November 2016


What are the characteristics of fungi?
Mushrooms, mould and yeast are all fungi. They have several characteristics in common.
Fungi bodies: Most fungi are multicellular organisms, but some are unicellular, like yeast and mould. Many multicellular fungi consist of a cap, a stem and a networkof hyphae, long tubular structures.
Reproduction: Fungi produce spores that are carried by the wind.
Nutrition: Fungi produce a substance which breaks down plant and animal matter. This enables the fungus to absorb the nutrients from the decaying matter.
Mushrooms, By JJ Harrison ( (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons
What are the characteristics of monerans?
Monerans  are microscopic, but not all share the same characteristics.
Moneran shapes: Monerans are simple unicellular organisms; they don´t have bodies. The shape of the cell varies according to the type of organism.
Extremities: Some monerans have a tail that helps them to move around. Others don't move, they stay in one place.
Nutrition: Some monerans produce a substance that breaks down plant or animal matter: they are heterotrophs. This helps them to absorb nutrients. Other monerans make their own food, they are autotrophs.
Reproduction: Most monerans reproduce by dividing. That is, one cell becomes two separate cells.
By Credit: Rocky Mountain Laboratories, NIAID, NIH [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

What is the Protista kingdom like?

Algae and protozoa belong to this Kingdom. There is a wide variety of protists. Each type has specific characteristics.
Protists shapes: Protists can be unicellular or multicellular.
Reproduction: Protists reproduce in two ways. Some produce spores; algae cells divide into two.
Nutrition: Some algae contain chlorophyll and carry out photosynthesis to produce food. They are autotrophs. Others are heterotrophs.
Movement: Some, such as protozoa, don't move. Others move in different ways. Amoebas, for example, move with pseudopods, or false feet, but paramecium move using cilia.
By CDC/ Dr. Stan Erlandsen [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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